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Signs that my child may need orthodontic treatment

Signs that my child may need orthodontic treatment

Orthodontics can be an intimidating topic for children and parents, if your child  visits the dentist regularly they will be able to determine whether it is the right time for your child to see an orthodontist.  At Kids Dental Group we recommend the first orthodontic check-up at the age of 7 and up, if you are concerned prior to that time, please feel free to contact or schedule a FREE orthodontic consultation at one of our locations nearest to you. Keep in mind, there are many indicators that your child needs braces that are not as obvious. See below for some obvious conditions / symptoms that may indicate that your child needs braces:

Leave your concerns with us.

Contact us at our Markham, Richmond Hill or Stouffville location now!

Markham (905 294 0995) | Richmond Hill (905 709 3888) | Stouffville (905 642 3642)

Common Bite Disorders That Indicate It Is Time To Visit The Orthodontist

Common Bite Disorders That Indicate It Is Time To Visit The Orthodontist

At Kids Dental Group, we treat a number of common bite disorders, referred to as malocclusions. If your child suffers from any of the bite problems below, it may be time to schedule your Orthodontic consultation.



An underbite in a condition where the lower teeth and jaw protrude beyond the upper teeth. This causes the lower teeth to overlap the top teeth. For the most part, underbite is a hereditary condition. If you or somebody in your immediate family have an underbite, your child may develop one as well. Underbites can also be caused by thumb sucking or the long-term use of a baby bottle.

Upper Front Teeth Protrusion:

Protruding front teeth, otherwise known as buck teeth, occur when the teeth in the top jaw protrudes over the bottom lip. Like underbites, buck teeth are often caused by genetics. Habits such as thumb sucking and prolonged use of a pacifier can also be to blame.


Crowding occurs when the jaw cannot accommodate all of the teeth in the mouth. Teeth have insufficient room to grow out of the gum and may over lap or turn side-ways as a result. The cause of crowding may be as simple as the shape and size of the jaw. Alternatively, if your child uses a pacifier or sucks their thumb, this may lead to crowding.


Overbite is a condition where the upper teeth dramatically overlap the bottom teeth. When overbite is severe, it can be referred to as retrognathic or a deep bite. Sometimes overbites are hereditary, while others are caused by a malformed jaw.


Openbite occurs when the top and bottom teeth do not overlap. Even with the mouth closed, the top and bottom front teeth do not touch.  Open bites may be caused by common childhood habits such as thumb-sucking or tongue thrusting. Sometimes it is caused by genetic skeletal issues such as excessive development of the molars or jawbones.


It is obvious that dental midlines do not match when the top and bottom back teeth do not match up. Over time, this can lead to jaw pain and other dental issues. Usually, a distorted midline is caused by bad sucking habits and asymmetrical chewing habits.

Have you noticed any of these bite disorders in your child? Our orthodontists are experts in children’s bite disorders and will ensure that you and your child are extremely satisfied with treatment.

Contact us at our Markham, Richmond Hill or Stouffville location now!

Markham (905 294 0995) | Richmond Hill (905 709 3888) | Stouffville (905 642 3642)

How Can Orthodontic Treatment Boost My Confidence As An Adult?

How Can Orthodontic Treatment Boost My Confidence As An Adult?

Straight teeth can boost self-confidence. Kids Dental Group offers several orthodontic treatments, some of which are virtually invisible to the eye such as Invisalign and clear braces. We will deliver the most discreet, painless treatment possible to give you a perfect smile.

Most adults agree that misaligned teeth can affect your self-esteem and damage your self-image. Damaged teeth can make you appear older than you are and distract from positive features of your face. For example, spaces in teeth can cause cheeks to sink into the mouth, leading to premature wrinkles and hallow cheeks.



Your teeth are one of the first things others see when meeting you and one of the things that they will remember from their first impression of you. Like make-up and hygiene, a great smile can give you the extra confidence boost you need to command attention, go after your goals and reach your full potential.

Embarrassment and awareness of the social stigma of bad teeth can have serious psychological repercussions on your well-being. Many people come up with ‘bandaid’ solutions for dealing with these issues. For example, you may cover your mouth with your hands or avoid eye contact with the person you are speaking with. These methods make you appear timid and uncomfortable.

Misaligned teeth can also make it difficult to pronounce certain words and sounds. You deserve to feel confident enough to communicate clearly with anybody. A bright, corrected smile will show the world that you care about your health and appearance.

A straight smile can better your health as well! Aligned teeth allow your jaw to rest in a comfortable and permanent position, preventing conditions such as grinding or temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ). It is easier to clean straight teeth because you can access all of the surfaces and spaces between your teeth with brushing and flossing.

Our adult patients comment on how much more confident they feel taking part in their social interactions following orthodontic treatment. They are happy to laugh freely, have their pictures taken, and eat and speak with others.

Yes, At Kids Dental Group, we treat the big kids too too!

Don’t hesitate any longer. Book your consultation

at our Markham, Stouffville, or Richmond Hill location today!

Kids Dental Group orthodontists explains why we need retainers after braces

Kids Dental Group orthodontists explains why we need retainers after braces


Wearing a retainer at night and between meals allows your teeth to hold their new form as they naturally try to shift over time.

Like any part of your body, your teeth will consistently change as you age. Contrary to popular belief, teeth are not permanently anchored down after they are corrected. The process of depositing new bone to stabilize your teeth after they are in the perfect position can take up to a year. After your braces are removed there is a chance your teeth will shift. Your retainer will allow the bones and tissue around your teeth to adapt and hold their new position after your braces are taken off.

How long do I have to wear my retainer?

Dr. Lee or Dr. Antoniazzi will tell you how long you will need to wear your retainer after braces are removed. Your orthodontist may recommend you wear your retainer for one year up to the rest of your life!

Which Type of retainer is right for me?

Our orthodontists will decide which type is best for you; either removable or fixed. Each retainer is a custom made tool that is fabricated by your orthodontist. It is meant to ensure your teeth stay perfect for the rest of your life. The type of retainer you get depends on your clinical needs and desires.


Removable retainers can be easily removed when you eat or brush your teeth. If you are instructed to wear your retainer for the rest of your life, you will need to replace it several times. An old retainer will not keep your smile as perfect as it was when you got your braces removed.

Your retainer should be kept in a box when you are not wearing it. Do not wrap it in a tissue or paper towel because it can easily get thrown out by accident.

We recommend you soak your retainer in denture cleaning tablets or vinegar and water. Regular tooth paste is not a good way to clean your retainer because it can encourage bacteria growth and erode the acrylic surface.


Fixed retainers are cemented to the back of your teeth and are typically in place for years. Your orthodontist will advise when to remove your retainer.

Your fixed retainer cannot be removed easily, so you must take great care of your mouth in order for it to stay clean. You will need to spend more time than usual brushing the back of your teeth. Brush all around the wire to make sure calculus does not form. A floss threader can be used to access the small spaces between your teeth.

It is essential you come in for regular check ups with your dentist to make sure there is no tartar or plaque build up around your retainer.

Do you have any more questions about your retainer?

Book your No Obligation Braces Consultation today
Three Locations: Stoufville | Richmond Hill | Markham

Feel free to send any quick questions to our Kids Dental live specialists! They would love to chat with you

Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Orthodontics

Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Orthodontics

To better prepare our new patients for orthodontic treatment, Kids Dental Group offers these answers to questions we hear most often regarding braces.


What’s the best age to get braces?

Every child’s needs are different when it comes to the timing of braces. One of the main determining factors is what sort of issues need to be addressed for your child; do they have crowding, spacing, a large overbite?

The second determining factor is how are your child’s teeth developing. Dental age and chronological age do not always coincide so we may see a 9 year old with all of their permanent teeth or a 14 year old that still has their baby teeth. There is a window of opportunity for the ideal timing of treatment for your child which is why the Association of Orthodontists recommends ortho check ups at Age 7. This is not so that braces can go on at this time but it’s to get a baseline and to have an orthodontist monitoring the growth and development of your child so that you will know when the best time is for your child.

How long does my child have to wear braces?

Every situation is unique however braces on average take approximately 2 years until the grand reveal of the beautiful smile you or your child deserve. Very mild cases may take as few as six months.

What is it like to have braces put on your teeth? Does it hurt?

The great news is that braces have come along way. Now with flexible wires and gentle forces, braces are a lot more comfortable than they were in the past. We always tell our patients, it’s like getting a new pair of shoes. Your feet have to break in the new shoes, and your cheeks and lips need to get use to the fact that you have braces in you mouth. After a few days you won’t even notice they are there. In addition, getting braces never requires freezing injections or drilling.

How much do braces cost?

We strive to make braces affordable for all families, please come in for a complimentary consultation so we can determine exactly what your child needs. Kids Dental offers very flexible payment plans to work within your budget. Payments can be as low as $49/week.

Do you offer payment plans?

Kids Dental offers very flexible payment plans to work within your budget. Payments can be as low as $49/week with no interest.

Does dental insurance cover the cost of braces?

Many families have dental insurance through their employers or as individuals/families. This insurance usually covers orthodontic treatment for children up to age 18. Please call your insurance company to check on the details or let us know if we can help you in any way.

Do you offer Invisalign or other kinds of braces that are not so visible?

Yes! Kids Dental is a Preferred Provider.

What is the difference between a dentist and an orthodontist?

Orthodontists actually become dentists first. Then they complete an additional 2-3 years of full time post-graduate training to become an Orthodontist. Only then are they given the designation of Certified Specialist in Orthodontics. They’re experts at correcting dental and facial irregularities – day in and day out we help jaws develop properly and have the skills required to manage tooth movement. We work to help make sure your child achieves an amazing and health smile. Your child deserves the

Book your free consultation now.

Can my child get those invisible braces (Invisalign) instead of traditional ones?

During your complimentary consultation we will be able to review your child’s specific needs and discuss all possible treatment options available to you.

Can I get braces just on the top or bottom?

That depends on your case. Orthodontics isn’t just about making your teeth straight or making them look better. Orthodontists take a lot of things into consideration when recommending treatment, such as: how the top and bottom teeth meet with each other, and how to obtain a healthy bite.

This is why you sometimes need a full set of braces, even if you think that you only need them on top or bottom. Of course, some people are lucky. Their bites are good and perhaps they only need a bit of straightening. People in this position often can get braces only on top or bottom.

When will I begin to see changes in my teeth after the braces are put on?

Most people begin see changes in their teeth in the first 2 to 6 weeks of treatment.

Are people going to think I look geeky or weird with braces on my teeth?

Definitely not. Braces are so common today I bet you can think of many friends and family that you know that already have braces on or have had them in the past. We treat adults and kids so people of all ages wear them too. Now with all the colours you can choose or even the crystal clear options, you’ll find a type of brace that’s just right for you! And remember, when you’re all finished up your amazing, healthy smile will be totally worth it!

Do you have to change your diet when you wear braces?

Yes, you do, to some extent.   The glue that we use to keep the braces on your teeth is meant to be strong but not permanent since at the end of treatment we need to take the braces off. Therefore hard foods may be strong enough to knock the braces off of your teeth. You will want to avoid very hard foods like nuts or jaw breakers as well as sticky foods like Skittles or caramel. Basically anything harder than a pizza crust you should be careful with. Foods such as carrots or apples are still ok to eat but you will want to cut them up into smaller pieces or cook them so they’re softer.

What is a “bite” and what is malocclusion?

Occlusion is another word for your bite — how the teeth in your top and bottom jaw meet with each other. Mal comes from the Latin root meaning “bad.” So, a malocclusion means a bad bite — a bite with problems. It means that your top teeth do not line up properly with your bottom teeth.

What are the “classes” of malocclusion?

Malocclusion is most often caused by hereditary factors such as an abnormal relationship between the size of the teeth and the size of the jaws. Malocclusion may also result from missing teeth or habits such as thumb sucking or tongue thrusting.

Malocclusions are classified based on the relationship of the maxillary (upper jaw) and mandibular (lower jaw) first permanent molars.

There are three basic classes of malocclusion, Class I, Class II, and Class III:

  • Class I malocclusion involves crowding, spacing, or overlapping of the teeth. In this classification the upper jaw is in a normal relationship to the lower jaw, however the teeth are not in a healthy position.
  • Class II malocclusion occurs when the bottom jaw is in a more posterior (backward) position than normal. The top teeth appear to protrude out over the lower teeth. One example of this type of malocclusion is often referred to as “buck” teeth.
  • Class III malocclusion occurs when the lower jaw is in a more anterior (forward) position than normal. The lower teeth protrude out beyond the upper teeth. This is often the most difficult type of malocclusion to correct.

What are the “types of bite” and what do they mean?

The most common types of bite problems are:

  • Overbite Patients with overbites appear “bucktoothed” and have a receding chin. The lower front teeth are positioned too far behind the upper front teeth. T
  • Underbite Patients with underbites have a strong jaw with a chin that juts straight out. The lower front teeth are positioned in front of the upper front teeth.
  • Crossbite Normally the top teeth bite on the outside of your bottom teeth, but in a crossbite they are reversed.
  • Open bite This occurs when the upper front teeth cannot meet or overlap the lower front teeth even though the back teeth have closed together. Sometimes this this makes eating difficult.

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3 offices in northern GTA to serve you: Richmond Hill, Markham, and Stouffville.


– Kids Dental: Pediatric and Orthodontic Specialists


Kids Dental – Pediatric and Orthodontic Specialists – Now in Markham

Kids Dental – Pediatric and Orthodontic Specialists – Now in Markham

Pediatric and Orthodontic Specialists MarkhamKids Dental Group is proud to announce that we’ve opened a new pediatric and orthodontic specialists practice in your neighbourhood. Situated on Highway 7 between Markham Main Street and McCowan Road, Kids Dental recently took over Laski Orthodontics, which has provided orthodontic care to the Markham area for over 30 years.

Kids Dental will continue to offer orthodontics at this location and in addition we also offer pediatric dentistry as well. As a dual-specialty dental clinic (Pediatric and Orthodontic Specialists), Kids Dental can seamlessly treat your child from their first dental exam right through their teens – from checkups and cleanings, to fillings and braces.

Kids Dental provides a very unique dental environment for your kids – providing high quality care in a fun and safe environment. Your kids will truly enjoy our photo booth, ice cream machine, and of course Mango our onsite service dog!

The Kids Dental Team recommends dental check-ups for kids at age one and orthodontic consults at age seven. Call us today to set up a consultation; we look forward to hearing from you.

We also invite you to check us out by visiting more pages on the site. Start by checking out our the Kids Dental team.

Does it matter where I get my Invisalign?

Does it matter where I get my Invisalign?

InvisalignInvisalign is a great advancement that offers patients an alternative to the old-fashioned braces.

Since it does not require learning how to use brackets and wires, it has become an attractive device to many general dentists in addition to orthodontists. The biggest question many ask is, is it important to pay attention to who is providing you with your Invisalign?

Align Technology is the company that makes Invisalign. It is a manufacturing company headed by computer whizzes, not dental professionals. They do not provide diagnosis or treatment plans, but the final product. It is up to your dentist or orthodontist to find all the problems that exist with your teeth, and decide on a proper treatment plan to address these problems.

While general dentists can learn how to move teeth, orthodontists specialize in this area and understand the biology and physic behind creating the perfect end result. Although regular braces aren’t the same as Invisalign, the education and experience from treating those with braces carries over into this type of therapy.

The most important thing to remember is this treatment is not for everyone, and won’t always be the best option for every different orthodontic case. Although general dentists can learn how to use Invisalign technology, having an orthodontist that specializes in exactly what you are trying to accomplish with your orthodontic treatment is probably going to benefit you in the long run.

So yes it does matter where you get your Invisalign treatment!

Why age 7 for first orthodontic check up?

Why age 7 for first orthodontic check up?

orthodontic check upYou have brought your child in for their first dental check up, but when is the right time for them to have their first orthodontic check up?

It is recommended that the initial orthodontic evaluation should occur no later than age 7 or earlier if there are signs of orthodontic problems. Beginning treatment at this time ensures the best results and the least amount of time and expenses throughout your orthodontic treatment. Many parents believe that there’s no need to see an orthodontist until they are much older and all of their adult teeth have developed, but this is a myth.

Early orthodontic check ups provide timely detection of problems and greater opportunity for more effective treatment. Early detection and treatment can prevent serious problems from happening later on in life. Even if orthodontic treatment isn’t necessary, an orthodontist can carefully monitor growth and development through the early stages of your child’s life and implement treatment if and when it may be necessary.

So why is age 7 the most ideal time for your child’s first ortho checkup? By the time a child is 7, their first molars will erupt, therefore establishing a back bite. Which means an orthodontist can indicate possible overbite, underbite, crowding, or other issues.

There are sometimes signs that your child should receive an orthodontic exam, even if may be before the age of 7. Some of these signs and symptoms may be: early or late loss of teeth, difficulty in chewing, mouth-breathing, finger sucking, crowded teeth, jaw dysfunction, or misaligned teeth. Although these signs may attribute to needing an orthodontic checkup, signs may not be obvious on many children, so it is recommended to schedule an orthodontic checkup whether or not these signs present themselves.

By having your child examined by an orthodontist, they can often reap the benefits by achieving some of these results:

– Creating room for crowded, erupting teeth
– Creating facial symmetry by influencing jaw growth
– Reducing the risk of trauma to protruding front teeth
– Preserving space for teeth that have yet to erupt
– Reducing the need for tooth removal
– Reducing treatment time with braces

Evaluating your child’s teeth at a young age, can decrease the chances of them developing further issues in the future. Mark it on your calendar, and bring your child in by the time they reach their 7th birthday!

Invisalign Facts & Fiction

Invisalign Facts & Fiction


Fiction: Invisalign can be used to correct all orthodontic problems.

Fact: The technology continues to improve and get better, but there are still some complex cases that cannot be treated as efficiently or effectively with Invisalign. Not all orthodontic candidates are optimal candidates for Invisalign.

Fiction: It doesn’t matter where I get Invisalign or who provides it.

Fact:It is just a tool that dentists use to straighten teeth. The manufacturer does not diagnose or develop a treatment plan for patients. In order to be sure your treatment is a success, it is important to visit a dentist who uses it and is experienced in using this technology.

Fiction: It does not hurt, and/or hurts less than regular braces.

Fact: Anytime pressure is placed on teeth, they will get sore. You will experience some discomfort from any orthodontic treatment, however discomfort may feel different to an Invisalign patient in comparison to a patient with braces.

Fiction: Invisalign will fix my teeth faster than braces will.

Fact: It doesn’t matter whether you use plastic aligners or metal wires to move your teeth, healthy teeth movement occurs at the same speed and the length of an orthodontic treatment is fully dependent on the patients case.

Fiction: It is going to cost me much more than regular braces will.

Fact: Many providers do charge more for Invisalign but there is reasoning for this. There is a large lab fee that must be paid to Align Technology (the manufacturer) at the beginning of the treatment. Plus the diagnosis and treatment plan, the appliance cost, chair time for appointments, and the retainers at the end of the treatment are all taken into consideration with the treatment fee.

All these steps mentioned above are the same for both treatments, but the higher lab fee for Invisalign is what can play into the higher costs associated with this treatment.

All in all, it is important to realize the facts about Invisalign treatment, and although it is a great, advanced alternative to braces. It is not best suited for every patient’s treatment. Consult your orthodontist about whether or not this treatment is best for you.

Ouch! Will braces hurt me?

Ouch! Will braces hurt me?

teen bracesOne of the most common questions we get before a child gets braces is; “will it hurt?” Remember pain is different for everyone, but below we’ll go through what to expect at each stage of your orthodontic treatment.

Will it hurt to get my braces on?

It’s an exciting but often overwhelming time when you finally get to have your braces put on, and many patients fear that it’s going to be an extremely painful process.

Luckily, getting your braces on will only moderately be uncomfortable. It is like getting a new pair of shoes, or skates. It takes a bit for you to adjust but once you get use to them, they fit you perfectly! During the procedure, the most pain you’ll feel is a bit of discomfort from having your mouth open for the time frame it takes to get your braces on.

Aside from that, the majority of the discomfort you will feel will be within the first few hours of getting them on. Your teeth may feel a bit more sensitive than usual and it will probably take you longer to eat meals while you are adjusting and getting used to the feeling of having braces on your teeth.

Have no fear, as it’s completely normal to experience discomfort while eating and talking upon getting your braces on, and even if your mouth/teeth hurt in the beginning it is unlikely that you will experience sharp pain, but more of a dull pain that will eventually fade.

Do braces hurt when they’re tightened?

Visiting the orthodontist for monthly appointments is necessary when you have braces, and each month you visit your orthodontist will access the progress your teeth have made. Upon accessing your teeth, your wire, elastics or metal ties around the braces will be changed and/or adjusted.

After your monthly appointment it is normal to feel a bit of discomfort and pain as your teeth are moving and adjusting to your newly adjusted braces. This pain will usually reside within the first few days after your appointment.

Do braces hurt when I get them off?

You have finally reached the end of your orthodontic treatment and you are beyond excited to see that beautiful smile that you have been patiently waiting for, but is it going to hurt to get them removed?

Surprisingly enough, removal is very smooth and easy and you won’t feel much pain, if any at all. Your dentist will first remove your wire and then remove the brackets from each tooth, which usually pop off fairly easy. After all the brackets are removed, they will then make sure that all the glue has been removed from your teeth and polish them so you leave with pearly whites.

What can help the discomfort?

Now that you know what you may experience during your orthodontic treatment, there are some ways to help aid this discomfort.

1. Ibuprofen such as Advil or Motrin can help ease the pain and discomfort you may be experiencing.

2. Orthodontic wax can be provided by your orthodontist or purchased at a drugstore. This wax can cover up any parts of your braces that may be causing discomfort or soreness in your mouth.

3. Salt-water rinses can also help with discomfort if you are experiencing any irritation in your mouth.

Lastly, remember that any discomfort you feel is going to be 110% worth it when your braces are removed to reveal a crooked-less smile! 🙂

Kids Dental | Richmond Hill | Markham | Stouffville