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Orthodontics FAQ

Orthodontics FAQ

To better prepare our new patients for orthodontic treatment, Kids Dental Group offers these answers to questions we hear most often regarding braces.

We have three locations in Ontario: Stouffville 905.642.3642 | Richmond Hill 905.709.3888 | Markham 905.294.0995.

What’s the best age to get braces?

Every child’s needs are different when it comes to the timing of braces. One of the main determining factors is what sort of issues need to be addressed for your child; do they have crowding, spacing, a large overbite?

The second determining factor is how are your child’s teeth developing. Dental age and chronological age do not always coincide so we may see a 9 year old with all of their permanent teeth or a 14 year old that still has their baby teeth. There is a window of opportunity for the ideal timing of treatment for your child which is why the Association of Orthodontists recommends ortho check ups at Age 7. This is not so that braces can go on at this time but it’s to get a baseline and to have an orthodontist monitoring the growth and development of your child so that you will know when the best time is for your child.

How long does my child have to wear braces?

Every situation is unique however braces on average take approximately 2 years until the grand reveal of the beautiful smile you or your child deserve. Very mild cases may take as few as six months.

What is it like to have braces put on your teeth? Does it hurt?

The great news is that braces have come along way. Now with flexible wires and gentle forces, braces are a lot more comfortable than they were in the past. We always tell our patients, it’s like getting a new pair of shoes. Your feet have to break in the new shoes, and your cheeks and lips need to get use to the fact that you have braces in you mouth. After a few days you won’t even notice they are there. In addition, getting braces never requires freezing injections or drilling.

How much do braces cost?

We strive to make braces affordable for all families, please come in for a complimentary consultation so we can determine exactly what your child needs. Kids Dental offers very flexible payment plans to work within your budget. Payments can be as low as $49/week.

Do you offer payment plans?

Kids Dental offers very flexible payment plans to work within your budget. Payments can be as low as $49/week with no interest.

Does dental insurance cover the cost of braces?

Many families have dental insurance through their employers or as individuals/families. This insurance usually covers orthodontic treatment for children up to age 18. Please call your insurance company to check on the details or let us know if we can help you in any way.

Do you offer Invisalign or other kinds of braces that are not so visible?

Yes! Kids Dental is a Preferred Provider.

What is the difference between a dentist and an orthodontist?

Orthodontists actually become dentists first. Then they complete an additional 2-3 years of full time post-graduate training to become an Orthodontist. Only then are they given the designation of Certified Specialist in Orthodontics. They’re experts at correcting dental and facial irregularities – day in and day out we help jaws develop properly and have the skills required to manage tooth movement. We work to help make sure your child achieves an amazing and health smile. Your child deserves the

Book your free consultation now.

Can my child get those invisible braces (Invisalign) instead of traditional ones?

During your complimentary consultation we will be able to review your child’s specific needs and discuss all possible treatment options available to you.

Can I get braces just on the top or bottom?

That depends on your case. Orthodontics isn’t just about making your teeth straight or making them look better. Orthodontists take a lot of things into consideration when recommending treatment, such as: how the top and bottom teeth meet with each other, and how to obtain a healthy bite.

This is why you sometimes need a full set of braces, even if you think that you only need them on top or bottom. Of course, some people are lucky. Their bites are good and perhaps they only need a bit of straightening. People in this position often can get braces only on top or bottom.

When will I begin to see changes in my teeth after the braces are put on?

Most people begin see changes in their teeth in the first 2 to 6 weeks of treatment.

Are people going to think I look geeky or weird with braces on my teeth?

Definitely not. Braces are so common today I bet you can think of many friends and family that you know that already have braces on or have had them in the past. We treat adults and kids so people of all ages wear them too. Now with all the colours you can choose or even the crystal clear options, you’ll find a type of brace that’s just right for you! And remember, when you’re all finished up your amazing, healthy smile will be totally worth it!

Do you have to change your diet when you wear braces?

Yes, you do, to some extent.   The glue that we use to keep the braces on your teeth is meant to be strong but not permanent since at the end of treatment we need to take the braces off. Therefore hard foods may be strong enough to knock the braces off of your teeth. You will want to avoid very hard foods like nuts or jaw breakers as well as sticky foods like Skittles or caramel. Basically anything harder than a pizza crust you should be careful with. Foods such as carrots or apples are still ok to eat but you will want to cut them up into smaller pieces or cook them so they’re softer.

What is a “bite” and what is malocclusion?

Occlusion is another word for your bite — how the teeth in your top and bottom jaw meet with each other. Mal comes from the Latin root meaning “bad.” So, a malocclusion means a bad bite — a bite with problems. It means that your top teeth do not line up properly with your bottom teeth.

What are the “classes” of malocclusion?

Malocclusion is most often caused by hereditary factors such as an abnormal relationship between the size of the teeth and the size of the jaws. Malocclusion may also result from missing teeth or habits such as thumb sucking or tongue thrusting.

Malocclusions are classified based on the relationship of the maxillary (upper jaw) and mandibular (lower jaw) first permanent molars.

There are three basic classes of malocclusion, Class I, Class II, and Class III:

  • Class I malocclusion involves crowding, spacing, or overlapping of the teeth. In this classification the upper jaw is in a normal relationship to the lower jaw, however the teeth are not in a healthy position.
  • Class II malocclusion occurs when the bottom jaw is in a more posterior (backward) position than normal. The top teeth appear to protrude out over the lower teeth. One example of this type of malocclusion is often referred to as “buck” teeth.
  • Class III malocclusion occurs when the lower jaw is in a more anterior (forward) position than normal. The lower teeth protrude out beyond the upper teeth. This is often the most difficult type of malocclusion to correct.

What are the “types of bite” and what do they mean?

The most common types of bite problems are:

  • Overbite Patients with overbites appear “bucktoothed” and have a receding chin. The lower front teeth are positioned too far behind the upper front teeth. T
  • Underbite Patients with underbites have a strong jaw with a chin that juts straight out. The lower front teeth are positioned in front of the upper front teeth.
  • Crossbite Normally the top teeth bite on the outside of your bottom teeth, but in a crossbite they are reversed.
  • Open bite This occurs when the upper front teeth cannot meet or overlap the lower front teeth even though the back teeth have closed together. Sometimes this this makes eating difficult.



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