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Children’s Dental Development

Common Oral Problems in Children

Throughout your child’s life, they will undergo dental development. Stages being with initial teething, followed by primary teeth eruption, to a few years of baby teeth falling out, then permanent teeth growing, and finally wisdom teeth coming in. As long as you take care of your children’s teeth and you teach them proper oral hygiene, along with regular dental checkups, the process of their teeth development will go smoothly.

The following lists show when primary teeth erupt and shed in children. The data is based on the Canadian Dental Association.

Upper Primary Teeth Development

Central Incisor:

When the tooth comes in: 7 to 12 months
When the tooth falls out and permanent tooth erupts: 7 to 8 years old

Lateral Incisor:

When the tooth comes in: 9 to 13 months
When the tooth falls out and permanent tooth erupts: 8 to 9 years old

Canine (cuspid):

When the tooth comes in: 16 to 22 months
When the tooth falls out and permanent tooth erupts: 11 to 12 years old

First molar:

When the tooth comes in: 13 to 19 months
When the tooth falls out and permanent tooth erupts: 6 to 7 years old

Second molar:

When the tooth comes in: 25 to 33 months
When the tooth falls out and permanent tooth erupts: 12 to 13 years old
First bicuspid
Permanent tooth erupts: 10 to 11 years old

Second bicuspid:

Permanent tooth erupts: 10 to 12 years old

Third molar:

Permanent tooth erupts: 17 to 21 years old
Lower Primary Teeth Development

Second molar:

When the tooth comes in: 20 to 31 months
When the tooth falls out and permanent tooth erupts: 11 to 13 years old

First molar:

When the tooth comes in: 12 to 18 months
When the tooth falls out and permanent tooth erupts: 6 to 7 years old

Canine (cuspid):

When the tooth comes in: 16 to 23 months
When the tooth falls out and permanent tooth erupts: 9 to 10 years old

Lateral Incisor:

When the tooth comes in: 7 to 16 months
When the tooth falls out and permanent tooth erupts: 7 to 8 years old

Central Incisor:

When the tooth comes in: 6 to 10 months
When the tooth falls out and permanent tooth erupts: 6 to 7 years old
First bicuspid
Permanent tooth erupts: 10 to 12 years old

Second bicuspid:

Permanent tooth erupts: 11 to 12 years old

Third molar:

Permanent tooth erupts: 17 to 21 years old

Knowing the normal cycle of your child’s dental development will help you make sure that their oral health is at the right process. Deviations from normal needs a professional assessment from your trusted dentists. It is essential that you address your child’s teeth concerns with your dentist to get the best oral care possible. Have your child’s teeth started to erupt? Make an appointment with us today. We have pediatric dentists that can help you with your children’s teeth. Our offices are located in Stouffville, Markham and Richmond Hill.

– The Kids Dental Group Team


Choosing Toothpaste for Your Kids

Common Oral Problems in Children

Oral problems can often occur during pre-school years. In Canada, early childhood decay is one of the primary concern. Therefore, as parents, it is essential that you choose the right toothpaste for your children to maintain optimum oral health.

The Canadian Dental Association recommends the use of fluoridated toothpaste. Fluoride is a proven way to prevent and fight tooth decay. Therefore, when buying toothpaste in the market, look for the symbol of the Canadian Dental Association on the toothpaste tube – this means the toothpaste has fluoride.

For children younger under three years old, the use of toothpaste with fluoride is determined by the level of risk. You should brush your child’s teeth using a small amount (a size of a rice grain) of toothpaste with fluoride. On the other hand, kids above three years old up to six years old, use a green pea sized toothpaste for brushing their teeth. You can let your child brush his/her teeth with your assistance. Supervising your child when brushing with a fluoridated toothpaste can help prevent dental fluorosis. Children should not swallow the toothpaste when brushing, so make sure that you assist them.

In addition to fluoride in choosing the right toothpaste for your child, get a yummy or appealing flavour. It is easy to encourage children to brush their teeth regularly if they know that the toothpaste tastes good. You can try strawberry or bubblegum flavour toothpaste.

To learn more about toothpaste for children, contact or visit us at Kids Dental in Stouffville, Richmond Hill, and Markham.

– The Kids Dental Group Team


Common Oral Problems in Children

Common Oral Problems in Children

Do you want to ensure that your children maintain a healthy oral cavity? Dental education is essential for parents to keep their children’s teeth, gums and mouth healthy at all times. Here at Kids Dental Group, we promote dental education among parents so that they are aware of the early signs of common dental problems to prevent further oral diseases and complications from happening.

Here are some of the common oral problems that you may encounter as your child is growing:

Thumb sucking : Thumb sucking is normal among infants and young children, but if this behaviour goes beyond the age of 5, then oral problems, such as misaligned teeth, overbite, and upper and lower jaw problems may occur.

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay: This condition is also known as nursing caries or early childhood caries. Baby bottle tooth decay usually occurs when the baby’s teeth are in frequent contact with sugary drinks, such as milk, fruit juices, sugar water, and formula. The bacteria in the mouth feeds on these sugary drinks, which causes caries.

Tongue Thrusting: Tongue thrusting is common during infancy, and it happens when a child’s tongue move forward against the lips when swallowing or sealing the mouth. According to the American Speech Language Hearing Association, if this dental problem continues as your child grows, it could lead to Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders, which can cause problems in speaking, eating and drinking.

When it comes to pediatric dentistry, our dental offices in Stouffville, Richmond Hill, and Markham can help! Identifying oral problems in children early on can prevent further damage to their oral cavity. Contact or visit us now to learn how to deal with common oral problems in children.

– The Kids Dental Group Team


Damon Clear Braces

Sometimes children and teenagers are hesitant to embrace the idea of braces because conventional braces can be somewhat uncomfortable and very noticeable. However, with the advancement of orthodontics today, clear braces without elastic ties are available now. Here at Kids Dental Group, we offer Damon Clear Braces as one of our many services.

Damon Clear Braces are self-ligating and eliminates the need for ligatures or module to keep the wires in place. Damon Clear is part of the innovative Damon System. It is a combination of tieless clear braces with high technology archwires.

If you want to have straight teeth and a perfect smile, Damon Clear Braces is clinically proven to move teeth fast and comfortably. With Damon Clear Braces, teenagers won’t feel as self-conscious in front of their peers because the braces are clear without elastic ties, which can sometimes yellow during treatment. These braces are discrete and resistant to staining all throughout the orthodontic treatment.

According to a journal research “Treatment time, outcome and patient satisfaction comparisons of Damon™ and conventional brackets,” from Clinical Orthodontics and Research, Damon system treatment is faster compared to conventional braces. Participants of the study also conveyed greater satisfaction in using Damon braces with fewer dental appointments.

Furthermore, Damon Clear Braces are more comfortable. They use tieless braces, which help minimize pain from tightening. To learn more about Damon Clear Braces, you can contact or visit us in Stouffville, Markham or Richmond Hill.

– The Kids Dental Group Team


Dental X-Rays for Children

Dental x-rays are an important diagnostic tool used in pediatric dentistry and dentistry as a whole. Dentists use x-rays to diagnose problems with your child’s teeth, which are not clearly visible during an oral examination. As parents, you might be concerned about the amount of radiation exposure your child gets from dental x-rays and so at Kids Dental Group, we gathered relevant information to help you become aware of the importance of x-rays to children’s oral health.

Based on the International Commission on Radiologic Protection, a dentist should adhere to the ALARA principle (As Low as Reasonably Achievable) when it comes to the use of dental x-rays. With this principle, necessary precautions are followed to ensure that exposures to x-rays are kept as low as possible and below the allowable limits and are justified with its benefits.

With children’s dental health, x-rays are only recommended when necessary following a thorough and complete dental and clinical examination. Dentists also use the CDA (Canadian Dental Association) guidelines that outline the possible clinical cases when dental x-rays are needed in diagnosing children’s dental problems.

By following the recommended principles and guidelines in using x-rays, dentists will be able to decide what type of imaging will be used, the frequency and interval of X-rays and the number of images need to be obtained when conducting x-rays on children.

If you have questions regarding dental x-rays for children, you can contact our office at Kids Dental Group. Our offices are located in Stouffville, Markham and Richmond Hill. Here at Kids Dental Group, we are here to help with your children’s dental health.

– The Kids Dental Group Team


Fluoride Use For Children

While brushing and flossing are essential in maintaining good oral health care and in the prevention of tooth decay and gum disease, the use of Fluoride in children is equally important to tooth development and cavity prevention too.

Dental caries are one of the most common oral diseases in children, but you don’t have to fret over this statistic, because caries are a preventable disease. Thanks to a proper oral hygiene routine and the use of fluoride, children can now fight tooth decay!

According to Pediatric Child Health, Fluoride prevents tooth decay mainly by its topical effect. How? Fluoride inhibits bacteria to grow and prevent the formation of plaque. It also prevents demineralization by incorporating on the tooth surface to inhibit acid attack. Lastly, Fluoride helps with enamel remineralization.

One of the best ways to get fluoride is by drinking water. Fluoridation of water is supported by many organizations in Canada. Another way to get fluoride is by using fluoride toothpaste when brushing teeth. Fluoride supplements are also available for children.

To learn more about the use of fluoride for children, don’t hesitate to contact us at Kids Dental Group in Stouffville, Richmond Hill and Markham. Our pediatric dental team is here to help!

– The Kids Dental Group Team


Helping Bad Breath for Kids

Bad breath or also known as “halitosis” can be an uncomfortable and embarrassing dental problem for anyone, including kids and teenagers. Children like adults experience bad breath too. Though halitosis among children has less social implications compared to adults, it’s still a condition that warrants treatment.

Kids develop halitosis due to two main reasons. First, kids and toddlers fail to brush their teeth regularly. The second one is that they breathe through their mouth instead of their nose. Young children dislike brushing their teeth thoroughly, and this causes food particles to accumulate in their mouth and stimulate bacterial growth, which lead to cavities, tartar buildup, and bad breath. On the other hand, breathing through the mouth can also cause dry mouth, which leads to halitosis too.

Other causes of bad breath in children are swollen tonsils, sinus infection, foreign object, and other dental problems such as gum disease and tooth decay.

Children are not capable of conveying health problems unless something is causing them pain. Therefore, a regular dental checkup is necessary to ensure that your kids won’t have malodorous breath and in general, maintain a healthy oral cavity.

Daily brushing and flossing can also help treat bad breath. If your child has no signs of infection such as a cold or fever, brushing your kid’s teeth and cleaning their gums are effective enough to treat halitosis. Furthermore, brushing the surface of the tongue can also help relieve bad breath according to the Dental Association.

To learn more about bad breath in children, you can contact us at Kids Dental in Stouffville, Markham, and Richmond Hill.

– The Kids Dental Group Team


Gum Disease in Children

Like adults, children are also at risk for developing gum disease. Factors like hormonal changes, medications, genetics, medical diseases and poor dental habits can increase the chance of gum disease for children.

As parents, it’s important to prevent these dental complications. Here at Kids Dental Group, we provide valuable information to help you deal with gum disease in children.

Early detection and prevention are better than any type of oral and gum treatment. A comprehensive periodontal examination should be part of a regular dental visit to prevent gum or periodontal disease. If gum disease is undetected, it could lead to tooth loss and jaw problems at a very young age.

One of the best ways to prevent gum disease is to establish a proper oral hygiene routine. As early as 12 months you can use toothpaste to clean your child’s oral cavity. As they grow, teach them how to brush, floss their teeth and clean their tongue. In teaching children, you must first show them the right routine and allow them to do it on their own. Take your children to a dentist for a regular checkup and be aware of the signs and symptoms of gum disease so you can detect them early on.

Signs and symptoms of gum disease include red, swollen gums, bleeding gums, bad breath, gum recession and loose teeth. If you have any questions about gum disease in children, don’t hesitate to call us at Kids Dental Group. Our offices are located in Stouffville, Richmond, and Markham.

– The Kids Dental Group Team


Do Children Need Nerve Treatment (Root Canals)?

There are specific situations when a baby tooth may require a nerve treatment, similar to a root canal. Nerve treatments are effective and safe treatment to ease pain and prevent the spread of decay in a tooth. Nevertheless, if a nerve treatment is suggested for your child, you may ask why: Baby teeth will fall out in a couple of years so why do children need nerve treatment similar to a root canal?

Primary or baby teeth start to exfoliate between the ages of 6 and 12 years old. For this reason, parents often wonder why a dentist sometimes recommend nerve treatment for their children’s teeth. Sparing your children’s baby teeth until it reaches the exact period where it should shed is important. Instead of losing their baby teeth due to infection or trauma, a nerve treatment is performed to preserve a baby tooth until they normally get loose, shed and get replaced by an adult tooth. This baby tooth is then available for function making it easier for your child to eat and it will hold the space for the developing adult tooth.

Baby teeth are as vital as permanent teeth, so when your children’s teeth are painful, inflamed, sensitive or cracked with the pulp exposed, it’s important to see a dentist as soon as possible.

Nerve treatment for children is done through the method called pulpotomy. Pulpotomy is a procedure where the infected or damaged nerve of the tooth is removed. Your child’s dentist usually eliminates the surface nerve structure in the chamber of the pulp. When the damaged pulp is removed, a baby crown may be placed on the tooth to make it stronger and protect it. This crown will naturally shed along with the baby tooth when the permanent teeth start to grow.

Children’s dental conditions sometimes warrant a pulpotomy or pulpectomy nerve treatment. It is safe and recommended by many pediatric dentists. If you have any questions regarding nerve treatments for your child’s teeth or your child’s dental health, you can contact our pediatric dentists in Stouffville, Richmond Hill, and Markham.

– The Kids Dental Group Team


Your Child’s Diet & Their Oral Health

Children need the right amount of food from all major food groups to stay healthy and grow properly. The same thing goes with their oral health; children need a well-balanced diet to maintain strong and healthy teeth too.
Most often children love to eat carbohydrates, starches and sugar, which can all lead to tooth decay. Therefore, as a parent, it is important to teach your children about healthy food selections to prevent tooth decay and dental cavities.

Here are some diet tips to maintain your children’s oral health:

Serve water instead of fruit juices: Water is good for oral health. It helps wash away food debris and cleanses the mouth, while fruit juices contain sugar that is not good for your child’s teeth and gums.

Limit snacking between meals: Sugar and starches found in many snacks like cookies, pretzels, chips, chocolate, cakes and dried fruits could create plaque acids, which can cause tooth decay and cavities. Therefore, it is best to limit snacking between meals.

Plenty of vitamins and mineral Intake: Your child needs plenty of phosphorus, fluoride, calcium, zinc, vitamin A, C and D and folic acid to have healthy teeth and gums.

Focus on having sugar-free food for snacks: Sugar reacts with bacteria in your mouth and causes increased acid production, which wears away tooth enamel that leads to tooth decay. Limit food with added sugar and focus on giving your children unsweetened food and snacks.

Having proper nutrition among children is as important as following proper oral hygiene routine to maintain oral health. To learn more about nutrition and oral health for children, contact our office at Kids Dental in Stouffville, Richmond, and Markham.

-The Kids Dental Group Team


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